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Olives and olive trees in Provence

Olives of Provence History of the olive tree in Provence

Les oliviers se sont développés en France il y a 2 500 ans grâce aux Phocéens (Marseille).

Some figures:

Of the 830 million olive trees cultivated throughout the world, 90 % of them are to be found in the Mediterranean basin. Spain and Italy are leading producers, followed by Greece, Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco. Provence is not in a front-runner in terms of quantity of olive trees - it "only" has 3.5 million olive trees which puts it in 12th position world-wide - but in terms of quality, it is considered to be one of the regions producing the best olive oils in the world. The Provence Alpes Cotes d'Azur region provides 70% of the national production of olive oil, 15% of which comes from the Var region.
Some facts: Olive trees
Olive trees were introduced into France some 2,500 years ago thanks to the Phocaeans (Marseille). In 1840 there were 26 million trees, covering an area of 1,680 square kilometres. After the catastrophic freezing conditions in 1956 only a 1/3 of the olive trees survived, and they currently only represent 200 square kilometres for 3.5 million trees in France. The Var region alone had 2.5 million trees before this devastating frost paralysed the entire region. According to figures from the Var chamber of agriculture, in the Var there are currently 700,000 olive trees on a surface area of about 40 square kilometres in production. 2.2 billion litres of olive oil are consumed worldwide.

2.2 billion litres of olive oil are consumed worldwide.
Olive oil bottle
In Greece: 19 litres per inhabitant,
In Italy: 11 litres per inhabitant,
In Spain: 10 litres per inhabitant,
In France: 0.5 litres per inhabitant.

Olives and olive trees in Provence
Olives and olive trees in Provence
The olive tree
The olives
The olive oil
Oil manufacture and the work of the mill
Where can it be purchased
The museums

Regional produce

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